I will not attempt to make much of the numerical significance, but I will show you from the bible how each Mary is clearly distinguished.
One: Mary the Mother of Jesus; always clearly identified by the context. Matthew 1:18 Now the birth of Jesus Christ was on this wise: When as his mother Mary was espoused to Joseph, before they came together, she was found with child of the Holy Ghost.
Two: Mary Magdalene, a woman of Magdala, ” out of whom went seven demons” Luke 8:2 And certain women, which had been healed of evil spirits and infirmities, Mary called Magdalene, out of whom went seven devils, She is never mentioned apart from the identifying word “Magdalene.”
Three: Mary the mother of James, Joses, Jude, and Salome (called “the less,” in Mark 15:40 There were also women looking on afar off: among whom was Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James the less and of Joses, and Salome; ) and, the apostles. A comparison of ; John 19:25 ; Matthew 27:56 ; Mark 15:40 establishes the inference that this Mary, the mother of James the less, and of Joses was the wife of Alphaeus (called also Cleophas), John 19:25 Now there stood by the cross of Jesus his mother, and his mother’s sister, Mary the wife of Cleophas, and Mary Magdalene. and a sister of Mary the mother of Jesus. Except in ; Matthew 27:61 ; 28:1 where she is called “the other Mary (i.e. “other” than her sister, Mary the Virgin); and John 19:25 where she is called “of Cleophas,” she is mentioned only in connection with one or all of her sons.
Four: Mary of Bethany, sister of Martha and Lazarus, mentioned by name only in Luke 10:39-42 And she had a sister called Mary, which also sat at Jesus’ feet, and heard his word. But Martha was cumbered about much serving, and came to him, and said, Lord, dost thou not care that my sister hath left me to serve alone? bid her therefore that she help me. And Jesus answered and said unto her, Martha, Martha, thou art careful and troubled about many things: But one thing is needful: and Mary hath chosen that good part, which shall not be taken away from her. & ;John 11:1 John 11:2 John 11:19 John 11:20 John 11:28 John 11:31 John 11:32 John 11:45 ; 12:3but referred to in ; Matthew 26:7 ; Mark 14:3-9 .
Five: Mary the mother of John Mark and sister of Barnabas Acts 12:12 And when he had considered the thing, he came to the house of Mary the mother of John, whose surname was Mark; where many were gathered together praying.
Six: Mary the Helper of Paul in Rome Romans 16:6 Greet Mary, who bestowed much labour on us.
I had a brief discussion with a gentleman from our church last night. He was amazed that there was more than just three Marys in the New Testament. I told him that most Christians have a “drive by” understanding of the Bible, and he agreed. He said he wished more people would stop chasing generic reading schedules and actually meditate on the scriptures. I said that God wants that too. Psalms 1:2 But his delight is in the law of the LORD; and in his law doth he meditate day and night.